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See as well  / Voir aussi / Veja também “East Africa general – Books”

Askew, Kelly M.:
Performing the Nation. Swahili Music and Cultural Politics in Tanzania.
Chicago, Ill.: The University of Chicago Press, 2002 417 p. & CD
Contents

Assen, Nils von der:
Resonation. Muziki wa Dansi in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
M.A. Leiden University, 2012. 85 p.
ContentsRead online / Lire en ligne / Leia online

Baraza la Muziki la Taifa (BAMUTA):
Wanamuziki wetu: Kitabu cha Kwanza.
[Our Musicians : The First Book].
Dar es Salaam: BAMUTA, n.d.

Cuff, Martin & Ernest Omalla:
Study on Artist Copyright Management & Royalties Collection
and Distribution in the Tanzania Music Industry.

The Tanzania Musicians Network, October 2013. 52 p.
ContentsPDF Download / Télécharger / Baixar 1.57 MB

Dubus, Claire:
Territoires de la musique et culture mondialisée à Dar es-Salam (Tanzanie).
Mémoire. Université Paris 10 Nanterre / ENS-LSH, 2007.
Les Cahiers d’Afrique de l’Est (Nairobi), n° 43, 2010. xiii & 182 p.
Contents – PDF Download / Télécharger / Baixar 1.72 MB

Fair, Laura:
Historia ya Jamii ya Zanzibar na Nyimbo za Siti Binti Saad.
[Zanzibar Social History and Songs of Siti Binti Saad].
Nairobi: Twaweza Communications, 2013.

Fargion, Janet Topp:
Taarab Music in Zanzibar in the Twentieth Century.
A Story of ‘Old is Gold’ and Flying Spirits.

Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2014. SOAS Musicology Series. 237 p.
Contents

Hacke, Gabriel:
Bongo Flava – Populäre Kultur in Tansania.
Eine Jugendkultur in den Auseinandersetzungen um „nationale Kultur“.
Magisterarbeit. Freie Universität Berlin, 2007.

Hilal, Nasra Mohamed:
Mfinyanzi aingia kasri Siti binti Saad. Malkia wa Taarab.
Dar es Salaam: Mkuki na Nyota Publishers, 2007. 91 p.
Yaliyomo

Höjeberg, Elle-Kari:
Tanzaniansk “jazz” – modern afrikansk dansmusik.
Ett eksempel på kulturkonfrontation i Afrika.
60-poängsuppsat. Göteborg: Musikvenskapliga Institutionen, 1976. 45 p.
Innehåll

Ivaska, Andrew:
Cultured States. Youth, Gender, and Modern Style in 1960s Dar es Salaam.
Durhan, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2011. 276 p.
Contents

Jahadhmy, Aly Ahmed:
Waimbaji wa Juzi [Recent Singers]:
Mw. Shabaan, Mbaruk Effandi, Siti binti Saad, Budda bin Mwendo:
waliohariri nayimbo ni S. Matola, Mw. Shabaan, W.H. Whiteley.
Dar es Salaam: Chuo chauchunguzi wa Lugha ya Kiswahili, 1966. 124 p.

Kerr, David:
Performing the Self: Rappers, Urban Space and Identity in Dar es Salaam.
Ph.D. University of Birmingham, 2014. [ix] & 324 p.
ContentsPDF Download / Télécharger / Baixar 1.65 MB
https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/33527759.pdf

Khatib, Mohammed Seif:
Taarab Zanzibar.
Dar es Salaam: Tanzania Publishing House, 1992. ix & 99 p.
ISBN 978-9-9761-0158-4

Lange, Siri:
From Nation-Building to Popular Culture:
The Modernization of Performance in Tanzania.

Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute, 1995. CMI Report Series R 1995: 1. 182 p.
ContentsPDF Download / Télécharger / Baixar 11.10 MB

Magesho, Peter:
Global Cultural Trends: The Case of Hip-Hop Music in Dar es Salaam.
Ph.D. University of Dar es Salaam, 2003. 386 p.

Martin, Stephen Harvey:
Music in Urban East Africa: A Study of the Development of Urban Jazz in Dar es Salaam.
Ph.D. University of Washington, 1980. 319 p.
Contents

Mbungo, B.O. & S.R. Scotto:
Chimbuko la Mbaraka.
[The Roots of Mbaraka].
Dar es Salaam: Wasaa Publications, 1985.

Mgana, Issa:
Jukwaa la Taarab Zanzibar.
[The Taarab Stage in Zanzibar].
Helsinki: Mradi wa Mediafrica, 1991. 101 p.
ISBN 952-9675-00-3

Mkabarah, Jumaa R. R.:
Mwanamuziki wa Tanzania Salum Abdallah.
[Tanzanian Musician Salum Abdallah].
Dar es Salaam: Taasisi ya Uchunguzi wa Kiswahili, 1972. 2nd edition 1975. x & 90 p.

Mtobwa, Ben R.:
Remmy Ongala: Bob Marley wa Tanzania.
[Remmy Ongala: Bob Marley of Tanzania].
Dar es Salaam: African Publication Ltd., 1984. 34 p.
ISBN 9-9769-3702-4
Second enlarged edition
Dar es Salaam: Heko Publishers, 1988.

Mwakyoma, A.A. & John M.S. Simbamwene:
Bado Tunamkumbuka Mbaraka Mwinshehe Mwaruka. Soloist National – Maisha Yake.
[We still remember Mbaraka Mwinshehe Mwaruka. Soloist National – His Life].
Morogoro: Jomssi Publications, 1985.

Omari, Shani:
Tanzanian Hip Hop Poetry as Popular Literature.
Ph.D. University of Dar es Salaam, 2009.

Ong’oa-Morara, Rose:
Kanga: One Size Fits all: The Interplay of Kanga, Makawa,
Swahili Poetry,
and Taarab in the Communication of Zanzibari Women.
Ph.D. Arkansas State University (Jonesboro, Ark.), 2009, 308 p.
ProQuest no. 3379650
Reprint – Warning: a predatory publisher
Saarbrücken: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, 2012. 352 p.
ISBN 978-3659215933

Perullo, Alex:
The Life that I Live: Popular Music, Urban Practices, and Agency in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Ph.D. Indiana University (Bloomington Ind.), 2003. 412 p.
ProQuest no. 3111921

Perullo, Alex:
Live from Dar es Salaam. Popular Music and Tanzania’s Music Economy.
Bloomington & Indianapolis, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 2011. 459 p.
Contents

Raab, Klaus:
Rapping the Nation. Die Aneignung von Hip Hop in Tanzania.
Münster: Lit Verlag, Reihe Musikethnologie / Ethnomusicology, Band 6, 2006, 176 p. & CD
ISBN 978-3-8258-9327-9

Remes, Peter Walter:
‘Karibu Geto Langu / Welcome in My Ghetto’:
Urban Youth, Popular Culture and Language in 1990s Tanzania.
Ph.D. Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.), 1998. 383 p.
ProQuest no. 9832673

Robert, Shaban:
Wasifu wa Siti binti Saad.
[Biography of Siti Binti Saad].
Reprint
Dar es Salaam: Mkuki na Nyota Publishers, (1965) 1991. 76 p.
Yaliyomo

Rycker, Jasper de:
The Social Context of Rap in Tanzania.
M.A. University of Antwerp, 2002.

Schabel, Sarah:
Zenji Flava. The Music of the New Generation in Zanzibar.
Diplomarbeit. Institut für Afrikawissenschaften der Universität Wien, 2007. 138 p.

Songoyi, Elias:
The Artist and the State in Tanzania. A Study of Two Singers: Kalikali and Mwinamila.
M.A. University of Dar es Salaam, 1997.

Topp, Janet:
Women and the ‘Africanisation’ of Taarab in Zanzibar.
Ph.D. School of Oriental and African Studies (London), 1992. 334 p.
See as well Fargion, Janet Topp

Wallis, Roger & Krister Malm:
Big Sounds from Small Peoples.
The Music Industry in Small Countries.
London: Constable, 1984. 419 p.
Case study including Tanzania
Tanzania Index

Weiss, Brad:
Street Dreams & Hip Hop Barbershops. Global Fantasy in Urban Tanzania.
Bloomington & Indianapolis, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 2009. 263 p.
Contents

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  • Askew, Kelly M.:
    Performing the Nation. Swahili Music and Cultural Politics in Tanzania.
    Chicago, Ill.: The University of Chicago Press, 2002 417 p. & CD
    ISBN 0-226-02981-6

    CONTENTS

    List of Illustrations ix
    List of Tables xi
    Acknowledgments xiii
    List of Common Abbreviations xvii

    1
    Arts of Governance 1

    2
    Tanga, Tanganyika, Tanzania 27

    3
    Of Ginger Ale and Orange Soda 68

    4
    Weighty Gestures, Significant Glances:
    Taarab Performance and the Constitution of Social Relations 123

    5
    Cultural Revolution in Tanzania? 157

    6
    Competing Agendas:
    The Production of Tanzanian National Culture 196

    7
    Of Mwanyas and Multipartyism:
    Taarab Performance and the Tanzanian State 224

    8
    Conclusion: Cultural Policy by and for the People 268

    Appendix A: Song Texts and Translations 295
    Appendix B: Poem from Tanga Technical School 323
    Appendix C: Notes on the Accompanying CD 327

    Notes 311
    Glossary of Swahili Terms 353
    References 357
    Discography 377
    Song Index 403
    General Index 405

  • Assen, Nils von der :
    Resonation. Muziki wa Dansi in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
    M.A. Leiden University, 2012. 85 p.

    CONTENTS

    List of illustrations v
    Resonation CD + notes vi
    Acknowledgments viii

    Opening Notes

    A Pretty Good Crowd for a Friday 11
    A City of Windows and Mirrors 12
    Popular Music and Instrumental Details 14
    ‘Feeling’ the Music: Thoughts on Peircean Semiotics 15
    Altered Perspectives and Chapter Synopsis 17

    Chapter 1
    Music, Politics And Modernity
    Cosmopolitanism and Glocalisation 20
    Points of Departure 22
    Natural and National 25

    Chapter 2
    Going Electric: Dansi as a Cosmopolitan Modernism
    Beni Ngoma Performance and Societies 30
    The Advent of Dansi 32
    Dansi as Anti-Establishment Music 34
    Afro-Cuban Rumba 36
    The Development of a Record Industry 37
    Congolese Rumba, Tanzanian Dansi 39

    Chapter 3
    Orchestrating the National: Dansi as the Sound of The State
    Ujamaa and Umoja 42
    National Music, National Musicians 43
    Going Out Dancing 49
    Radio Tanzania Dar es Salaam (RTD) and Censorship 49
    Restrictions and Incentives 52

    Chapter 4
    Bongo
    The Music of the New Generation 54
    A Capitalist Scene 58
    The Old Stars 62

    Chapter 5
    Vya kale ni dhahabu! — “Old is Gold!”
    From Dust to Digital 67
    Fundisha 72
    Fathers, Brothers, Grandchildren 75

    Resonation

    Bibliography

  • Cuff, Martin & Ernest Omalla:
    Study on Artist Copyright Management & Royalties Collection and Distribution in the Tanzania Music Industry.
    The Tanzania Musicians Network, October 2013. 52 p.

    CONTENTS

    1. Introduction

    2. The music industry
    2.i Global overview
    2.ii Key components
    2.iii Sector value chain
    2.iv Revenue streams for international musicians
       2.iv.i Authors
       2.iv.ii Performers

    3. Copyright
    3.i Overview
    3.ii Copyright – international norms
       3.ii.i Automatic rights
       3.ii.ii Author’s rights
       3.ii.iii Moral rights
       3.ii.iv Economic rights
       3.ii.iv.i Performing Rights
       3.ii.iv.ii Mechanical Rights
    3.iii Neighbouring rights
    3.iv Copyright uses
    3.v. Collective management
       3.v.i Main activities
       3.v.ii Governance of collective management societies
       3.v.iii Reciprocal international arrangements
       3.v.iv Blanket licenses
    3.vi African CMO case studies

    4. Music in Tanzania
    4.i Tanzanian music sector overview
    4.ii Treatment of copyright in Tanzania
    4.iii Legislation
    4.iv Policy

    5. Stakeholders
    5.i COSOTA
    5.ii World Intellectual Property Organization
    5.iii BASATA
    5.iv BRELA
    5.v COSTECH
    5.vi MCT
    5.vii TANTRADE
    5.viii Tanzania Broadcasting Corporation
    5.ix Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority
    5.x Tanzania Revenue Authority
    5.xi Music – private sector
    5.xii Broadcasters – television, radio
    5.xiii East Africa copyrights management

    6. Key challenges
    6.i Outdated legal framework
    6.ii Critical under-resourcing of COSOTA
    6.iii Bureaucracy & red tape
    6.iv Lack of transparency
    6.v Piracy
    6.vi Powers of enforcement
    6.vii Lack of government coordination
    6.viii Lack of a business-oriented music sector policy
    6.ix Lack of awareness & information of copyrights
    6.x High tariffs on musical instruments
    6.xi Lack of industry statistics & information
    6.xii The “tyranny of location”

    7. Recommendations
    7.i Overhaul of act
    7.ii Enable & resource COSOTA
    7.iii Adoption of technological best practice
    7.iv Outsourced royalties management agency
    7.v Music as business
    7.vi Developmental approach
    7.vii Improved sector coordination
    7.viii Industry organisation / coordination
    7.ix Waiver of import duties on musical instruments
    7.x Business skills training
    7.xi Copyright training & awareness promotion
    7.xii Enforcement / anti-piracy
    7.xiii Research & development
    7.xiv Home copy levy
    7.xv Distribution and consumer development
    7.xvi Digitisation of back catalogue

    8. Technology solutions
    8.i Technology interventions for COSOTA operations
    8.ii Shazam
    8.iii Other applications
    8.iii.i. Hello Sign
    8.iii.ii Eventbrite
    8.iii.iii Lemon Wall
    8.iii.iv Fujitsu ScanSnap
    8.iii.v Xero
    8.iii.vi HelloFax
    8.iii.vi Adobe EchoSign
    8.iii.viii Shoeboxed
    8.iii.ix Nitro
    8.iii.x. Evernote

    9. Summary of recommendations

    10. Strategies
    A: Formalised government
    B: Formalised & skilled industry
    C: Process management

    11. Conclusion – outcomes of the research

  • Dubus, Claire:
    Territoires de la musique et culture mondialisée à Dar es-Salam (Tanzanie).
    Mémoire. Université Paris 10 Nanterre / ENS-LSH, 2007.
    Les Cahiers d’Afrique de l’Est (Nairobi), n° 43, 2010. xiii & 182 p.

    TABLE DES MATIÈRES

    Introduction 1

    I. Concepts et methodologies 19
    1.1 Sur la musique en général 19
       1.1.1 Définition basique de l’objet musique 19
       1.1.2 Premières observations sur la musique 19
    1.2 Les sciences sociales et la musique 22
       1.2.1 Anthropologie, sociologie… la vision « classique »
                de la musique 22
       1.2.2 Quelle place pour la musique en géographie ? 25
    1.3 Deux types d’outils de recherche 29
       1.3.1 Expérience sur place 29
       1.3.2 Internet, un outil de recherche à part entière 32

    II. Musiques urbaines 42
    2.1 Afrique en musique : vue d’ensemble 42
       2.1.1 Des concepts pour penser la mise en espace de la ville 42
       2.1.2 Musiques actuelles : le mélange érigé en modèle 47
       2.1.3 Un lien profond avec l’univers de la ville et l’urbanité 58
    2.2 Le paysage musical tanzanien 61
       2.2.1 Le Bongo Flava : le prince de la ville 62
       2.2.2 Les traditions musicales et les Zilipendwa 68
       2.2.3 Le Gospel : une Parole qui monte 77
       2.2.4 La musique, la ville et le pouvoir : 
                de l’Ujamaa à l’ouverture 82
    2.3 Dar es Salaam : 
           la ville en musique et les musiques de la ville 89
       2.3.1 « Qu’est-ce que je peux faire pour toi ? » : Professor Jay,
                 ou l’affirmation évidente de l’identité urbaine 90
       2.3.2 Le Ghetto et les Uswahilini 97

    III. … quelle ville pour les musiques ? 114
    3.1 Le processus de production musicale en Tanzanie 114
       3.1.1 L’éducation à la musique, premier context
                de production 115
       3.1.2 BASATA : un État de moins en moins présent 117
       3.1.3 Les studios d’enregistrement et leur multiplication 119
       3.1.4 Faiblesse structurelle du support vidéo 124
       3.1.5 Diffusion et distribution : un système verrouillé 127
       3.1.6 Le bar, premier espace de diffusion musicale à
                Dar es Salaam 128
    3.2 Les médias : télévision, presse, radio 137
       3.2.1 Embrouille et magouille : entre piraterie et payola, 
                les enjeux d’un marché 142
    3.3 Perspectives : diffusion = dilution ? 145
    3.4 Importation, économie et musique 151
       3.4.1 La mise en place du marché de la musique 151
    3.5 La notion de réseau pour penser le fait musical 
          en géographie 158
    3.6 Economie, identité, musique… : quels liens ? 163

    [Bibliographie 166
    Carte N° 3 & 4 173
    Croquis N° 2 177
    Sitographie 179
    Discographie 180]

  • Fargion, Janet Topp:
    Taarab Music in Zanzibar in the Twentieth Century.
    A Story of ‘Old is Gold’ and Flying Spirits.

    Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2014. SOAS Musicology Series. 237 p.
    ISBN 978-0-7546-5554-1

    CONTENTS

    List of Figures and Tables vii
    Acknowledgements ix
    Technical Note xi

    Part I
    Introductions
    1 Approaches and People 3
    2 Meanings and Boundaries 17

    Part II
    Entangled Histories and Parallel Strands
    3 Orchestral Taarab: ‘Old is Gold’ 37
       Section 1: Historical Narratives 37
       Section 2: Stylistic Influences  70
    4 Kidumbak 93
    5 Women’s Taarab 113

    Part III
    Flying Spirits: What Women Really Really Want
    6 Women as Drivers of Change 143

    Part IV
    Conclusions
    7 The Professionalisation of the Taarab Music Complex 175
    8 Women at the Centre of a Music Complex  201

    List of Consultants 207
    Bibliography 211
    Index 229

  • Hilal, Nasra Mohamed:
    Mfinyanzi aingia kasri Siti binti Saad. Malkia wa Taarab.
    Dar es Salaam: Mkuki na Nyota Publishers, 2007. 91 p.
    ISBN 978-9987-449-46-0

    YALIYOMO

    Dibaji ix
    Shukurani xi

    Maisha ya Kijijini 1
    Mwanzo wa Bi. Mtumwa 3
    Maisha ya Ndoa 5
    Giza la Mtumwa 8
    Ukurasa Mpya 11
    Ndoto ya Mshabiki 13
    Ahamia Mtoni 17
    Siku ya Masiku 20
    Rafiki Rika 23
    Jaribio la Ushindi 26
    Siti na Uimbaji 30
    Nyimbo Zake 38
    Ujumbe na Mafiinzo ya Siti Binti Saad 49
    Siti Alivyoitumikia Nchi Yake 88

  • Höjeberg, Elle-Kari:
    Tanzaniansk “jazz” – modern afrikansk dansmusik.
    Ett eksempel på kulturkonfrontation i Afrika.
    60-poängsuppsat, VT 1976. Göteborg: Musikvenskapliga Institutionen, 1976. 45 p.

    INNEHÅLL

    Inledning  i

    Olyckans sol 1
    Städerna växer fram 4
    Förändringar under kolonitiden 5
    Den traditionella musiken 6
    Den moderna stadsmusiken 8
    Västafrika 10
    Södra Afrika 11
    Central- och Östafrika 12
    Katangastilen 13
    Den västkongolesiska stilen 13
    Africa’s favourite beat 15

    Tanzania: ett exempel 17
    Stadsmusiken 18
    Nationell musik 19
    Påverkan 21
    Orkestrarna 21
    Stagnation eller förnyelse 22
    Täxter 24
    Topic songs 24
    Kärlekssånger 25
    Politiska texter 26
    Instrumenten 28
    Gitarr 28
    Slagverk 29
    Blåsinstrument 29
    Rösten 29
    Form och struktur 30
    Rytm 31
    Melodik 32
    Dans 32

    Musikexempel 33
    Sammanfattning 39
    Notförteckning 41
    Litteraturlista 44
    Diskografi 45

  • Ivaska, Andrew:
    Cultured States. Youth, Gender, and Modern Style in 1960s Dar es Salaam.
    Durhan, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2011. 276 p.
    ISBN 978-0-8223-4770-5

    CONTENTS

    Acknowledgments ix

    Introduction: Postcolonial Public Culture in Sixties Times 1

    1
    National Culture and Its Others in a Cosmopolitan Capital 37
    2
    “The Age of Minis”: Secretaries, City Girls, and Masculinity Downtown 86
    3
    Of Students, ‘Nizers, and Comrades: Youth, Internationalism, and the University College, Dar es Salaam 124
    4
    “Marriage Goes Metric”: Negotiating Gender, Generation, and Wealth in a Changing Capital 166

    Conclusion 206

    Notes 219
    Bibliography 253
    Index 271

  • Kerr, David:
    Performing the Self: Rappers, Urban Space and Identity in Dar es Salaam.
    Ph.D. University of Birmingham, 2014. [ix] & 324 p.

    CONTENTS

    List of Images

    Chapter 1
    Introduction
    Introduction 1
    Research Questions
    Hip Hop 3
    Youth, Masculinities and Urban Space 5
    The Global Circulation of Signs 7
    Methodology 8
    Conclusion 16

    Chapter 2
    Dar es Salaam – An Introduction

    Introduction 18
    History of Dar es Salaam 19
    Informal Settlements – Uswahilini 22
    Labour 30
    Young Men in the City 36
    Conclusion 37

    Chapter 3
    Introduction to Popular Music, Hip Hop and
    Rapped Music in Dar es Salaam

    Introduction 39
    Tanzanian Popular Music 39
    Hip Hop 46
    Hip Hop in Africa 51
    Tanzanian Rapped Music 55
    Conclusion 65

    Chapter 4
    Studios, Radio Stations and Distributors

    Introduction 67
    Wasambazaji – Distributors 69
    Radio 72
    Radio Presenters – DJ’s 79
    Studios 81
    Negotiating the Production of Rapped Music 93
    Conclusion 97

    Chapter 5
    Underground Rapping
    Introduction 100
    Defining Underground 101
    Who are the Youth? 104
    Underground Rapping in Dar es Salaam 106
    Maskani – Spaces of Sociality and Recognition 111
    Kampu – Performance and the Politics of Presence 118
    Underground Performance Practice 126
    Displaying Knowledge 128
    Subjectivities and Embodying the Rapper 133
    Thugs and Gangsters – Rapping and the
    Transnational Imagination 139
    Kujitegemea Rapping and Self Reliance 142
    Performing Masculinity 146

    Chapter 6
    Tracing Careers Trajectories
    Introduction 148
    The Commercial MC – Ambwene Yessayah (AY) 151
    The Stubborn MC – Joseph Mbilinyi (Mr II / Sugu) 160
    Witness Mwaijaga – (Witnesz) 167
    Conclusion 170

    Chapter 7
    Dogo Hashim
    Introduction 173
    Biography 175
    Playing with Identity 179
    Meaning and Multiplicity in Hashim’s Lyrics 192
    Conclusion 201

    Chapter 8
    Genres and Texts
    Introduction 202
    The Creation of Texts 203
    Genre Boundaries and the Ordering of Musical Space 210
    Convening an Audience 214
    Music with a Message 216
    Code Switching and Swanglish 220
    Underground Rappers Imagining the Audience 222
    Themes
    Wives and Playboys – Love, Sex and Romance 227
    Tuspend – Consumption and its Anxieties 232
    Kioo cha jamii – Socio Political Commentary 239
    Intertextuality 243
    Religious Discourses 250
    Conclusion 255

    Chapter 9
    Rapping Online and in the Diaspora
    Introduction 257
    Rappers in the Diaspora
    Kibacha Singo – (KBC) 260
    Msafiri Kondo – (Solo Thang) 268
    Rapped Music Online 270

    Chapter 10
    Conclusion
    Introduction 280
    Underground Rap 283
    Contesting and Imagining the Nation 285
    Rapping and Masculinity 289
    Rapping as Intellectual Engagement with the World 293
    Future Research 295

    Appendices 298
    Bibliography 301

  • Lange, Siri:
    From Nation-Building to Popular Culture:
    The Modernization of Performance in Tanzania.

    Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute, 1995. CMI Report Series R 1995: 1. 182 p.
    ISSN 0805-505X

    CONTENTS

    List of illustrations iv
    Preface v

    1. Introduction 1
    Research problem and conceptual context 1
    The setting: A Saturday Night at Vijana Social Hall 6
    Fieldwork and research methods 22

    2. Traditional Dance as Symbol and Vehicle in the Nation-building Process 27
    Introduction 27
    The nationalist movement 28
    The quest for a national culture 30
    National symbols and the problem of tradition 33
    Enlightenment of the people or political propaganda? 40
    The cultural revolution goes commercial 51
    Project “national culture” abandoned 60
    Conclusion 69

    3. The Effects of Commercialization and Nationalization on Traditional Dance 77
    Introduction 77
    The fate of the dance songs 77
    Sensualization of movements 89
    Artists and their status 93
    Traditionalism and modernization: Artist and audience view 99
    The introduction of separation 108
    Conclusion 114

    4. Popular theatre: A cultural alternative 117
    Introduction 117
    The transformation of Western drama in Tanzania 117
    Popular theatre plays and social reality 120
    Conclusion 136

  • Martin, Stephen Harvey:
    Music in Urban East Africa.
    A Study of the Development of Urban Jazz in Dar es Salaam.
    Ph.D. University of Washington (Seattle, Wash.), 1980. 319 p.
    ProQuest no. 8013563

    CONTENTS

    Preface vi
    Introduction 1

    Part 1 The Urban Context 4

    Chapter 1
    Dar es Salaam: A History of its Cultural Influences 5
    Chapter 2
    The Development of Brass Bands in Dar es Salaam 29
    Chapter 3
    The Contemporary Urban Jazz Band 58

    Part 2 Multi-Part Relationships in Musical Structures 88

    Chapter 4
    The Coast Social Orchestra:
    An Analysis of “Mpenzi Usiyumbe-yumbe” 89
    Chapter 5
    NUTA Jazz: An Analysis of “Instrumental No. 6” 103
    Chapter 6
    Mbaraka Mwinshehe: An Analysis of “Kibena” 157

    Conclusions 218

    Appendices
    A. Transcription of “Mpenzi Usiyumbe-yumbe” 234
    B. Transcription of “Instrumental No. 6” 260
    C. Transcription of “Kibena” 283
    D. List of Informants 318

  • Perullo, Alex:
    Live from Dar es Salaam. Popular Music  and Tanzania’s Music Economy.
    Bloomington & Indianapolis, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 2011. 459 p.
    ISBN 978-0-253-22292-3

    CONTENTS

    Preface ix
    Acknowledgments xxi
    Note on Names and Interviews xxv
    Video Clips on the Ethnomusicology Multimedia Website xxvii

    1 Kumekucha (it is Daylight / Times Have Changed) 1
    2 Shall We Mdundiko or Tango? Tanzania’s Music Economy, 1920-1984 37
    3 Live in Bongoland 84
    4 The Submerged Body 143
    5 Radio Revolution 188
    6 Analog, Digital… Knobs, Buttons 239
    7 Legend of the Pirates 283
    8 Everything Is Life 341

    Appendix A. Descriptions of Tanzanian Genres of Music 363
    Appendix B. List of Tanzanian Radio and Television Stations 369
    Appendix C. Clubs with Live Shows in Dar es Salaam 373
    Appendix D. List of Tanzanian Promoters Organized by City 379

    Notes 389
    References 407
    Discography 429
    Index 439

  • Robert, Shaban:
    Wasifu wa Siti binti Saad [Biography of Siti Binti Saad].
    Dar es Salaam: Mkuki na Nyota Publishers, 1991. 76 p.
    ISBN 9976-973-09-8

    YALIYOMO

    Utangulizi 5

    1 Maisha ya utoto kijijini 10
    2 Mashaka yaliyoshindwa mjini 17
    3 Kufaulu kwake tarabuni 24
    4 Pingamizi na wivu 31
    5 Jawabu ambalo halikutazamiwa 38
    6 Mabadiliko ya heri 45
    7 Safari na kuenea kwa sauti yake 53
    8 Tabia njema 60
    9 Kujikimu kistahiki 66

    Orodha ya maneno na maana zake 75

  • Wallis, Roger & Krister Malm:
    Big Sounds from Small Peoples.
    The Music Industry in Small Countries.
    London: Constable, 1984. 419 p.
    Case study including Tanzania
    ISBN 0-09-465300-3 (Hardback) 0-09-465360-7 (Paperback)

    See Main menu “Music industry – Books” for full Table of Contents

    TANZANIA INDEX

    Tanzanian music, xiii, xv, 30-33, 43, 57, 60, 145;
    broadcasting (Radio Tanzania),
    83,209, 225, 226, 227, 233, 234, 257,259-61, 264;
    copyright, 47, 209, 211;
    cultural dominance, 298-9;
    government policies, 218-19, 225-7, 230, 237, 260-61, 295-6;
    jazz bands, 13, 33, 64, 219, 227, 260, 261, 280-81, 303;
    local music groups, 43, 260-61;
    mechanical reproduction’s lack of resources, 152;
    mediaization, 280-81;
    music education, 230, 231;
    national pop-rock scene, 303, 306-7, 310;
    phonogram industry, 113, 115, 117, 295-6;
    phonogram technology, 277, 281;
    piracy, 45, 227;
    popular music, 32-3, 64-5, 219, 298, 302;
    profile of change (appendix), 376—80;
    soul music, 14;
    tradition and change,
    13-17, 31-2, 227, 230, 270; and transnational, 83, 95, 96;
    unofficial music sector, 227
    Tanzanian District Cultural Offices, 225, 226
    Tanzanian Film Company (TFC), 64, 95, 152, 225, 226, 226
    Tanzanian Ministry of Culture and Youth, 218-19, 225
    Tanzanian National School of Music, Dance and Drama, 230

  • Weiss, Brad:
    Street Dreams & Hip Hop Barbershops. Global Fantasy in Urban Tanzania.
    Bloomington & Indianapolis, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 2009. 263 p.
    ISBN 978-0-253-22075-2

    CONTENTS

    Acknowledgments ix

    Introduction 1
    Popular Practices and Neoliberal Dilemmas in Arusha

    1 Themes and Theories 23
    Popular Culture in Africa and Elsewhere

    2 Enacting the Invincible 39
    Youthful Performance in Town

    Portraits One – Bad Boyz Barbers 65

    3 Thug Realism 71
    Inhabiting Spaces of Masculine Fantasy

    Portraits Two – Aspiration 97

    4 The Barber in Pain 105
    Consciousness, Affliction, and Alterity

    Portraits Three – Uncertain Prospects 133

    5 Gender (In)Visible 139
    Contests of Style

    6 Learning from Your Surroundings 169
    Watching Television and Social Participation

    7 Chronic Mobb Asks a Blessing 197
    Apocalyptic Hip Hop and the Global Crisis

    Conclusion 233

    Notes 241
    References 247
    Index 257

  • Mortaigne, Veronique:
    Cesaria Evora. La voix du Cap-Vert.
    Arles: Actes Sud, 1997. 203 p.

    ISBN 2-7427-1152-X 

    afropop1995

    CONTENTS

    Replace “English template – click Clone & Edit” (the popup name) with the common name for the Word contents file and the jpg file  (e.g. “mortaigne1997”)

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    Copy “Shortcode” including square brackets e.g. Índice and inset and replace it for “Contents” in the page with book list file.

  • Wallis, Roger & Krister Malm:
    Big Sounds from Small Peoples.
    The Music Industry in Small Countries.
    London: Constable, 1984. 419 p.
    Case study including Tanzania
    ISBN 0-09-465300-3 (Hardback) 0-09-465360-7 (Paperback)

    See Main menu “Music industry – Books” for full Table of Contents

    TANZANIA INDEX

    Tanzanian music, xiii, xv, 30-33, 43, 57, 60, 145;
    broadcasting (Radio Tanzania),
    83,209, 225, 226, 227, 233, 234, 257,259-61, 264;
    copyright, 47, 209, 211;
    cultural dominance, 298-9;
    government policies, 218-19, 225-7, 230, 237, 260-61, 295-6;
    jazz bands, 13, 33, 64, 219, 227, 260, 261, 280-81, 303;
    local music groups, 43, 260-61;
    mechanical reproduction’s lack of resources, 152;
    mediaization, 280-81;
    music education, 230, 231;
    national pop-rock scene, 303, 306-7, 310;
    phonogram industry, 113, 115, 117, 295-6;
    phonogram technology, 277, 281;
    piracy, 45, 227;
    popular music, 32-3, 64-5, 219, 298, 302;
    profile of change (appendix), 376—80;
    soul music, 14;
    tradition and change,
    13-17, 31-2, 227, 230, 270; and transnational, 83, 95, 96;
    unofficial music sector, 227
    Tanzanian District Cultural Offices, 225, 226
    Tanzanian Film Company (TFC), 64, 95, 152, 225, 226, 226
    Tanzanian Ministry of Culture and Youth, 218-19, 225
    Tanzanian National School of Music, Dance and Drama, 230

  • Hilal, Nasra Mohamed:
    Mfinyanzi aingia kasri Siti binti Saad. Malkia wa Taarab.
    Dar es Salaam: Mkuki na Nyota Publishers, 2007. 91 p.
    ISBN 978-9987-449-46-0

    YALIYOMO

    Dibaji ix
    Shukurani xi

    Maisha ya Kijijini 1
    Mwanzo wa Bi. Mtumwa 3
    Maisha ya Ndoa 5
    Giza la Mtumwa 8
    Ukurasa Mpya 11
    Ndoto ya Mshabiki 13
    Ahamia Mtoni 17
    Siku ya Masiku 20
    Rafiki Rika 23
    Jaribio la Ushindi 26
    Siti na Uimbaji 30
    Nyimbo Zake 38
    Ujumbe na Mafiinzo ya Siti Binti Saad 49
    Siti Alivyoitumikia Nchi Yake 88

  • Cuff, Martin & Ernest Omalla:
    Study on Artist Copyright Management & Royalties Collection and Distribution in the Tanzania Music Industry.
    The Tanzania Musicians Network, October 2013. 52 p.

    CONTENTS

    1. Introduction

    2. The music industry
    2.i Global overview
    2.ii Key components
    2.iii Sector value chain
    2.iv Revenue streams for international musicians
       2.iv.i Authors
       2.iv.ii Performers

    3. Copyright
    3.i Overview
    3.ii Copyright – international norms
       3.ii.i Automatic rights
       3.ii.ii Author’s rights
       3.ii.iii Moral rights
       3.ii.iv Economic rights
       3.ii.iv.i Performing Rights
       3.ii.iv.ii Mechanical Rights
    3.iii Neighbouring rights
    3.iv Copyright uses
    3.v. Collective management
       3.v.i Main activities
       3.v.ii Governance of collective management societies
       3.v.iii Reciprocal international arrangements
       3.v.iv Blanket licenses
    3.vi African CMO case studies

    4. Music in Tanzania
    4.i Tanzanian music sector overview
    4.ii Treatment of copyright in Tanzania
    4.iii Legislation
    4.iv Policy

    5. Stakeholders
    5.i COSOTA
    5.ii World Intellectual Property Organization
    5.iii BASATA
    5.iv BRELA
    5.v COSTECH
    5.vi MCT
    5.vii TANTRADE
    5.viii Tanzania Broadcasting Corporation
    5.ix Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority
    5.x Tanzania Revenue Authority
    5.xi Music – private sector
    5.xii Broadcasters – television, radio
    5.xiii East Africa copyrights management

    6. Key challenges
    6.i Outdated legal framework
    6.ii Critical under-resourcing of COSOTA
    6.iii Bureaucracy & red tape
    6.iv Lack of transparency
    6.v Piracy
    6.vi Powers of enforcement
    6.vii Lack of government coordination
    6.viii Lack of a business-oriented music sector policy
    6.ix Lack of awareness & information of copyrights
    6.x High tariffs on musical instruments
    6.xi Lack of industry statistics & information
    6.xii The “tyranny of location”

    7. Recommendations
    7.i Overhaul of act
    7.ii Enable & resource COSOTA
    7.iii Adoption of technological best practice
    7.iv Outsourced royalties management agency
    7.v Music as business
    7.vi Developmental approach
    7.vii Improved sector coordination
    7.viii Industry organisation / coordination
    7.ix Waiver of import duties on musical instruments
    7.x Business skills training
    7.xi Copyright training & awareness promotion
    7.xii Enforcement / anti-piracy
    7.xiii Research & development
    7.xiv Home copy levy
    7.xv Distribution and consumer development
    7.xvi Digitisation of back catalogue

    8. Technology solutions
    8.i Technology interventions for COSOTA operations
    8.ii Shazam
    8.iii Other applications
    8.iii.i. Hello Sign
    8.iii.ii Eventbrite
    8.iii.iii Lemon Wall
    8.iii.iv Fujitsu ScanSnap
    8.iii.v Xero
    8.iii.vi HelloFax
    8.iii.vi Adobe EchoSign
    8.iii.viii Shoeboxed
    8.iii.ix Nitro
    8.iii.x. Evernote

    9. Summary of recommendations

    10. Strategies
    A: Formalised government
    B: Formalised & skilled industry
    C: Process management

    11. Conclusion – outcomes of the research

  • Johnson, John William:
    ‘Heelloy’. Modern Poetry and Songs of the Somalis.
    London: HAAN Publishing, 1998. xxiii & 241 p.
    ISBN 978-1-874-20981-2

    CONTENTS

    Foreword to the first edition by B. W. Andrzejewski ix
    Foreword to the 1996 edition by Abdilahi Qarshi xi
    Preface to the first edition xv
    Preface to the 1996 edition xxiii

    1. Introduction
    The social context 1
    The Nature of Traditional Pastoralist Poetry 12
    The Historical Development of Modern Oral Poetry 17

    2. The Family of Miniature Genres
    The Nature of the Family of Miniature Genres 27
    The Poetry of the Miniature Family 32

    3. The emergence of the Belwo
    The Historical Background 49
    The Belwo is Born 53
    The Poetry of the Belwo 59

    4. The Heello: Period One
    The Metamorphosis: Belwo to Heello A 75
    The Modem Poem: Heello A to Heello B 82

    5. The Heello: Period Two
    The Historical Background 95
    The Poetry of the Second Period 103

    6. The Heello: Period Three
    The Historical Background 117
    The Poetry of the Third Period 146

    7. Characteristics of the Heello: All Periods
    Themes Common to All Periods 175
    Structural Characteristics and
    Development Common to All Periods 190
    The Impact of Media on Modern Poetry 208

    8. Conclusion
    The Inheritance of the Heello 215
    Forces Behind the Success and Development of Modern Poetry 216

  • Kerr, David:
    Performing the Self: Rappers, Urban Space and Identity in Dar es Salaam.
    Ph.D. University of Birmingham, 2014. [ix] & 324 p.

    CONTENTS

    List of Images

    Chapter 1
    Introduction
    Introduction 1
    Research Questions
    Hip Hop 3
    Youth, Masculinities and Urban Space 5
    The Global Circulation of Signs 7
    Methodology 8
    Conclusion 16

    Chapter 2
    Dar es Salaam – An Introduction

    Introduction 18
    History of Dar es Salaam 19
    Informal Settlements – Uswahilini 22
    Labour 30
    Young Men in the City 36
    Conclusion 37

    Chapter 3
    Introduction to Popular Music, Hip Hop and
    Rapped Music in Dar es Salaam

    Introduction 39
    Tanzanian Popular Music 39
    Hip Hop 46
    Hip Hop in Africa 51
    Tanzanian Rapped Music 55
    Conclusion 65

    Chapter 4
    Studios, Radio Stations and Distributors

    Introduction 67
    Wasambazaji – Distributors 69
    Radio 72
    Radio Presenters – DJ’s 79
    Studios 81
    Negotiating the Production of Rapped Music 93
    Conclusion 97

    Chapter 5
    Underground Rapping
    Introduction 100
    Defining Underground 101
    Who are the Youth? 104
    Underground Rapping in Dar es Salaam 106
    Maskani – Spaces of Sociality and Recognition 111
    Kampu – Performance and the Politics of Presence 118
    Underground Performance Practice 126
    Displaying Knowledge 128
    Subjectivities and Embodying the Rapper 133
    Thugs and Gangsters – Rapping and the
    Transnational Imagination 139
    Kujitegemea Rapping and Self Reliance 142
    Performing Masculinity 146

    Chapter 6
    Tracing Careers Trajectories
    Introduction 148
    The Commercial MC – Ambwene Yessayah (AY) 151
    The Stubborn MC – Joseph Mbilinyi (Mr II / Sugu) 160
    Witness Mwaijaga – (Witnesz) 167
    Conclusion 170

    Chapter 7
    Dogo Hashim
    Introduction 173
    Biography 175
    Playing with Identity 179
    Meaning and Multiplicity in Hashim’s Lyrics 192
    Conclusion 201

    Chapter 8
    Genres and Texts
    Introduction 202
    The Creation of Texts 203
    Genre Boundaries and the Ordering of Musical Space 210
    Convening an Audience 214
    Music with a Message 216
    Code Switching and Swanglish 220
    Underground Rappers Imagining the Audience 222
    Themes
    Wives and Playboys – Love, Sex and Romance 227
    Tuspend – Consumption and its Anxieties 232
    Kioo cha jamii – Socio Political Commentary 239
    Intertextuality 243
    Religious Discourses 250
    Conclusion 255

    Chapter 9
    Rapping Online and in the Diaspora
    Introduction 257
    Rappers in the Diaspora
    Kibacha Singo – (KBC) 260
    Msafiri Kondo – (Solo Thang) 268
    Rapped Music Online 270

    Chapter 10
    Conclusion
    Introduction 280
    Underground Rap 283
    Contesting and Imagining the Nation 285
    Rapping and Masculinity 289
    Rapping as Intellectual Engagement with the World 293
    Future Research 295

    Appendices 298
    Bibliography 301

  • Dubus, Claire:
    Territoires de la musique et culture mondialisée à Dar es-Salam (Tanzanie).
    Mémoire. Université Paris 10 Nanterre / ENS-LSH, 2007.
    Les Cahiers d’Afrique de l’Est (Nairobi), n° 43, 2010. xiii & 182 p.

    TABLE DES MATIÈRES

    Introduction 1

    I. Concepts et methodologies 19
    1.1 Sur la musique en général 19
       1.1.1 Définition basique de l’objet musique 19
       1.1.2 Premières observations sur la musique 19
    1.2 Les sciences sociales et la musique 22
       1.2.1 Anthropologie, sociologie… la vision « classique »
                de la musique 22
       1.2.2 Quelle place pour la musique en géographie ? 25
    1.3 Deux types d’outils de recherche 29
       1.3.1 Expérience sur place 29
       1.3.2 Internet, un outil de recherche à part entière 32

    II. Musiques urbaines 42
    2.1 Afrique en musique : vue d’ensemble 42
       2.1.1 Des concepts pour penser la mise en espace de la ville 42
       2.1.2 Musiques actuelles : le mélange érigé en modèle 47
       2.1.3 Un lien profond avec l’univers de la ville et l’urbanité 58
    2.2 Le paysage musical tanzanien 61
       2.2.1 Le Bongo Flava : le prince de la ville 62
       2.2.2 Les traditions musicales et les Zilipendwa 68
       2.2.3 Le Gospel : une Parole qui monte 77
       2.2.4 La musique, la ville et le pouvoir : 
                de l’Ujamaa à l’ouverture 82
    2.3 Dar es Salaam : 
           la ville en musique et les musiques de la ville 89
       2.3.1 « Qu’est-ce que je peux faire pour toi ? » : Professor Jay,
                 ou l’affirmation évidente de l’identité urbaine 90
       2.3.2 Le Ghetto et les Uswahilini 97

    III. … quelle ville pour les musiques ? 114
    3.1 Le processus de production musicale en Tanzanie 114
       3.1.1 L’éducation à la musique, premier context
                de production 115
       3.1.2 BASATA : un État de moins en moins présent 117
       3.1.3 Les studios d’enregistrement et leur multiplication 119
       3.1.4 Faiblesse structurelle du support vidéo 124
       3.1.5 Diffusion et distribution : un système verrouillé 127
       3.1.6 Le bar, premier espace de diffusion musicale à
                Dar es Salaam 128
    3.2 Les médias : télévision, presse, radio 137
       3.2.1 Embrouille et magouille : entre piraterie et payola, 
                les enjeux d’un marché 142
    3.3 Perspectives : diffusion = dilution ? 145
    3.4 Importation, économie et musique 151
       3.4.1 La mise en place du marché de la musique 151
    3.5 La notion de réseau pour penser le fait musical 
          en géographie 158
    3.6 Economie, identité, musique… : quels liens ? 163

    [Bibliographie 166
    Carte N° 3 & 4 173
    Croquis N° 2 177
    Sitographie 179
    Discographie 180]

  • Weiss, Brad:
    Street Dreams & Hip Hop Barbershops. Global Fantasy in Urban Tanzania.
    Bloomington & Indianapolis, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 2009. 263 p.
    ISBN 978-0-253-22075-2

    CONTENTS

    Acknowledgments ix

    Introduction 1
    Popular Practices and Neoliberal Dilemmas in Arusha

    1 Themes and Theories 23
    Popular Culture in Africa and Elsewhere

    2 Enacting the Invincible 39
    Youthful Performance in Town

    Portraits One – Bad Boyz Barbers 65

    3 Thug Realism 71
    Inhabiting Spaces of Masculine Fantasy

    Portraits Two – Aspiration 97

    4 The Barber in Pain 105
    Consciousness, Affliction, and Alterity

    Portraits Three – Uncertain Prospects 133

    5 Gender (In)Visible 139
    Contests of Style

    6 Learning from Your Surroundings 169
    Watching Television and Social Participation

    7 Chronic Mobb Asks a Blessing 197
    Apocalyptic Hip Hop and the Global Crisis

    Conclusion 233

    Notes 241
    References 247
    Index 257

  • Robert, Shaban:
    Wasifu wa Siti binti Saad [Biography of Siti Binti Saad].
    Dar es Salaam: Mkuki na Nyota Publishers, 1991. 76 p.
    ISBN 9976-973-09-8

    YALIYOMO

    Utangulizi 5

    1 Maisha ya utoto kijijini 10
    2 Mashaka yaliyoshindwa mjini 17
    3 Kufaulu kwake tarabuni 24
    4 Pingamizi na wivu 31
    5 Jawabu ambalo halikutazamiwa 38
    6 Mabadiliko ya heri 45
    7 Safari na kuenea kwa sauti yake 53
    8 Tabia njema 60
    9 Kujikimu kistahiki 66

    Orodha ya maneno na maana zake 75

  • Perullo, Alex:
    Live from Dar es Salaam. Popular Music  and Tanzania’s Music Economy.
    Bloomington & Indianapolis, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 2011. 459 p.
    ISBN 978-0-253-22292-3

    CONTENTS

    Preface ix
    Acknowledgments xxi
    Note on Names and Interviews xxv
    Video Clips on the Ethnomusicology Multimedia Website xxvii

    1 Kumekucha (it is Daylight / Times Have Changed) 1
    2 Shall We Mdundiko or Tango? Tanzania’s Music Economy, 1920-1984 37
    3 Live in Bongoland 84
    4 The Submerged Body 143
    5 Radio Revolution 188
    6 Analog, Digital… Knobs, Buttons 239
    7 Legend of the Pirates 283
    8 Everything Is Life 341

    Appendix A. Descriptions of Tanzanian Genres of Music 363
    Appendix B. List of Tanzanian Radio and Television Stations 369
    Appendix C. Clubs with Live Shows in Dar es Salaam 373
    Appendix D. List of Tanzanian Promoters Organized by City 379

    Notes 389
    References 407
    Discography 429
    Index 439

  • Martin, Stephen Harvey:
    Music in Urban East Africa.
    A Study of the Development of Urban Jazz in Dar es Salaam.
    Ph.D. University of Washington (Seattle, Wash.), 1980. 319 p.
    ProQuest no. 8013563

    CONTENTS

    Preface vi
    Introduction 1

    Part 1 The Urban Context 4

    Chapter 1
    Dar es Salaam: A History of its Cultural Influences 5
    Chapter 2
    The Development of Brass Bands in Dar es Salaam 29
    Chapter 3
    The Contemporary Urban Jazz Band 58

    Part 2 Multi-Part Relationships in Musical Structures 88

    Chapter 4
    The Coast Social Orchestra:
    An Analysis of “Mpenzi Usiyumbe-yumbe” 89
    Chapter 5
    NUTA Jazz: An Analysis of “Instrumental No. 6” 103
    Chapter 6
    Mbaraka Mwinshehe: An Analysis of “Kibena” 157

    Conclusions 218

    Appendices
    A. Transcription of “Mpenzi Usiyumbe-yumbe” 234
    B. Transcription of “Instrumental No. 6” 260
    C. Transcription of “Kibena” 283
    D. List of Informants 318

  • Lange, Siri:
    From Nation-Building to Popular Culture:
    The Modernization of Performance in Tanzania.

    Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute, 1995. CMI Report Series R 1995: 1. 182 p.
    ISSN 0805-505X

    CONTENTS

    List of illustrations iv
    Preface v

    1. Introduction 1
    Research problem and conceptual context 1
    The setting: A Saturday Night at Vijana Social Hall 6
    Fieldwork and research methods 22

    2. Traditional Dance as Symbol and Vehicle in the Nation-building Process 27
    Introduction 27
    The nationalist movement 28
    The quest for a national culture 30
    National symbols and the problem of tradition 33
    Enlightenment of the people or political propaganda? 40
    The cultural revolution goes commercial 51
    Project “national culture” abandoned 60
    Conclusion 69

    3. The Effects of Commercialization and Nationalization on Traditional Dance 77
    Introduction 77
    The fate of the dance songs 77
    Sensualization of movements 89
    Artists and their status 93
    Traditionalism and modernization: Artist and audience view 99
    The introduction of separation 108
    Conclusion 114

    4. Popular theatre: A cultural alternative 117
    Introduction 117
    The transformation of Western drama in Tanzania 117
    Popular theatre plays and social reality 120
    Conclusion 136

  • Ivaska, Andrew:
    Cultured States. Youth, Gender, and Modern Style in 1960s Dar es Salaam.
    Durhan, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2011. 276 p.
    ISBN 978-0-8223-4770-5

    CONTENTS

    Acknowledgments ix

    Introduction: Postcolonial Public Culture in Sixties Times 1

    1
    National Culture and Its Others in a Cosmopolitan Capital 37
    2
    “The Age of Minis”: Secretaries, City Girls, and Masculinity Downtown 86
    3
    Of Students, ‘Nizers, and Comrades: Youth, Internationalism, and the University College, Dar es Salaam 124
    4
    “Marriage Goes Metric”: Negotiating Gender, Generation, and Wealth in a Changing Capital 166

    Conclusion 206

    Notes 219
    Bibliography 253
    Index 271

  • Höjeberg, Elle-Kari:
    Tanzaniansk “jazz” – modern afrikansk dansmusik.
    Ett eksempel på kulturkonfrontation i Afrika.
    60-poängsuppsat, VT 1976. Göteborg: Musikvenskapliga Institutionen, 1976. 45 p.

    INNEHÅLL

    Inledning  i

    Olyckans sol 1
    Städerna växer fram 4
    Förändringar under kolonitiden 5
    Den traditionella musiken 6
    Den moderna stadsmusiken 8
    Västafrika 10
    Södra Afrika 11
    Central- och Östafrika 12
    Katangastilen 13
    Den västkongolesiska stilen 13
    Africa’s favourite beat 15

    Tanzania: ett exempel 17
    Stadsmusiken 18
    Nationell musik 19
    Påverkan 21
    Orkestrarna 21
    Stagnation eller förnyelse 22
    Täxter 24
    Topic songs 24
    Kärlekssånger 25
    Politiska texter 26
    Instrumenten 28
    Gitarr 28
    Slagverk 29
    Blåsinstrument 29
    Rösten 29
    Form och struktur 30
    Rytm 31
    Melodik 32
    Dans 32

    Musikexempel 33
    Sammanfattning 39
    Notförteckning 41
    Litteraturlista 44
    Diskografi 45

  • Fargion, Janet Topp:
    Taarab Music in Zanzibar in the Twentieth Century.
    A Story of ‘Old is Gold’ and Flying Spirits.

    Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2014. SOAS Musicology Series. 237 p.
    ISBN 978-0-7546-5554-1

    CONTENTS

    List of Figures and Tables vii
    Acknowledgements ix
    Technical Note xi

    Part I
    Introductions
    1 Approaches and People 3
    2 Meanings and Boundaries 17

    Part II
    Entangled Histories and Parallel Strands
    3 Orchestral Taarab: ‘Old is Gold’ 37
       Section 1: Historical Narratives 37
       Section 2: Stylistic Influences  70
    4 Kidumbak 93
    5 Women’s Taarab 113

    Part III
    Flying Spirits: What Women Really Really Want
    6 Women as Drivers of Change 143

    Part IV
    Conclusions
    7 The Professionalisation of the Taarab Music Complex 175
    8 Women at the Centre of a Music Complex  201

    List of Consultants 207
    Bibliography 211
    Index 229

  • Assen, Nils von der :
    Resonation. Muziki wa Dansi in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
    M.A. Leiden University, 2012. 85 p.

    CONTENTS

    List of illustrations v
    Resonation CD + notes vi
    Acknowledgments viii

    Opening Notes

    A Pretty Good Crowd for a Friday 11
    A City of Windows and Mirrors 12
    Popular Music and Instrumental Details 14
    ‘Feeling’ the Music: Thoughts on Peircean Semiotics 15
    Altered Perspectives and Chapter Synopsis 17

    Chapter 1
    Music, Politics And Modernity
    Cosmopolitanism and Glocalisation 20
    Points of Departure 22
    Natural and National 25

    Chapter 2
    Going Electric: Dansi as a Cosmopolitan Modernism
    Beni Ngoma Performance and Societies 30
    The Advent of Dansi 32
    Dansi as Anti-Establishment Music 34
    Afro-Cuban Rumba 36
    The Development of a Record Industry 37
    Congolese Rumba, Tanzanian Dansi 39

    Chapter 3
    Orchestrating the National: Dansi as the Sound of The State
    Ujamaa and Umoja 42
    National Music, National Musicians 43
    Going Out Dancing 49
    Radio Tanzania Dar es Salaam (RTD) and Censorship 49
    Restrictions and Incentives 52

    Chapter 4
    Bongo
    The Music of the New Generation 54
    A Capitalist Scene 58
    The Old Stars 62

    Chapter 5
    Vya kale ni dhahabu! — “Old is Gold!”
    From Dust to Digital 67
    Fundisha 72
    Fathers, Brothers, Grandchildren 75

    Resonation

    Bibliography

  • Askew, Kelly M.:
    Performing the Nation. Swahili Music and Cultural Politics in Tanzania.
    Chicago, Ill.: The University of Chicago Press, 2002 417 p. & CD
    ISBN 0-226-02981-6

    CONTENTS

    List of Illustrations ix
    List of Tables xi
    Acknowledgments xiii
    List of Common Abbreviations xvii

    1
    Arts of Governance 1

    2
    Tanga, Tanganyika, Tanzania 27

    3
    Of Ginger Ale and Orange Soda 68

    4
    Weighty Gestures, Significant Glances:
    Taarab Performance and the Constitution of Social Relations 123

    5
    Cultural Revolution in Tanzania? 157

    6
    Competing Agendas:
    The Production of Tanzanian National Culture 196

    7
    Of Mwanyas and Multipartyism:
    Taarab Performance and the Tanzanian State 224

    8
    Conclusion: Cultural Policy by and for the People 268

    Appendix A: Song Texts and Translations 295
    Appendix B: Poem from Tanga Technical School 323
    Appendix C: Notes on the Accompanying CD 327

    Notes 311
    Glossary of Swahili Terms 353
    References 357
    Discography 377
    Song Index 403
    General Index 405

  • Collins, [Edmund] John:
    Fela. Kalakuta Notes. 2nd edition
    Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press, 2015.  xii & 326 p.
    ISBN 978-0-8195-7539-5 (paper) 978-0-8195-7540-1 (ebook)

    CONTENTS

    Foreword by Banning Eyre ix
    Introduction 1

    Part 1 Early Days
    1 The Birth of Afrobeat 27
    2 Joe Mensah Remembers 41
    3 Fela in Ghana 49
    4 Stan Plange Remembers 29

    Part 2 Confrontation
    5 Kalakuta is Born 67
    6 “JB” Talks about Fela 73
    7 The Kalakuta Republic 81
    8 The Black President 114
    9 Amsterdam and After 125

    Part 3 Retrospect
    10 Mac Tontoh on Fela 139
    11 Frank Talk about Fela 152
    12 Obiba Plays It Again 165
    13 Smart Binete Sorts It Out 174
    14 Anku Checks Out the Beat 178
    15 Nana Danso Orchestrates 183
    16 Some Early Afro-Fusion Pioneers 197
    17 Interview with Fela 204
    18 Afterthoughts and Updates 209
    19. Felabrations at Home and Abroad 238

    Chronology 259
    Notes 269
    Selected Bibliography 281
    Discography 285
    Appendix A: “Shuffering and Shmiling” Score 303
    Index 309

  • Erlmann, Veit (ed.):
    Populäre Musik in Afrika.

    Veröffentlichungen des Museum für Völkerkunde.
    Neue Folge 53. Abteilung Musikethnologie VIII.
    Berlin: Museum für Völkerkunde, 1991. 312 pp. & 2 CDs.
    ISBN 3-88609-213-5

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  • Mortaigne, Veronique:
    Cesaria Evora. La voix du Cap-Vert.
    Arles: Actes Sud, 1997. 203 p.

    ISBN 2-7427-1152-X 

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  • Sweeney, Philip:
    Directory of World Music. A Guide to Performers and their Music.
    With Contributions from Peter Gabriel, Andy Kershaw, Giberto Gil [&] Manu Dibango.
    London: Virgin Books, 1991. 262 p.
    Section Africa 1-81
    ISBN 0-86369-378-4

    sweeney1991CONTENTS

    AFRICA

    The North and West
    Introduction: Peter Gabriel 1
    Libya 3
    Tunisia 5
    Algeria 6
    Morocco 13
    Mauritania 16
    Senegal 17
    Mali 20
    Guinea 26
    Guinea-Bissau 29
    Cape Verde 29
    Sierra Leone 31
    Côte d’Ivoire 32
    Ghana 34
    Togo and Benin 36
    Nigeria 37

    Central Africa, The South and East
    Introduction: Manu Dibango 42
    Cameroon 44
    Zaire 49
    Congo 56
    Gabon 56
    Angola 57
    Zambia 58
    Mozambique 59
    Zimbabwe 60
    South Africa 65
    Madagascar 70
    Mauritius and Reunion 71
    Tanzania and Zanzibar 72
    Kenya 74
    Uganda 76
    Burundi 76
    Ethiopia 77
    Sudan 79

  • Lee, Hélène:
    Rockers d’Afrique. Stars et légendes du rock mandinque.
    Paris: Albin Michel, 1988. 223 pp.
    ISBN 2-226-03 139-1 

    TABLE DE MATIÈRESafropop1995

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